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The difference between hubs, switches and routers

Update:25-10-2021
Summary:

the difference  Hub Switch router Working level Physica […]

the difference  Hub Switch router
Working level Physical layer data link layer  Network layer
Effect Signal amplification and transmission function can connect computer networks together. Divide a network port into multiple network ports to connect more devices; at the same time, you can manage ports and configure VLAN security management. Connect different networks, and choose the line of information transmission.
Data transmission form Electrical signal Frames and packets Bag
Port 4/12 port Multi-port, usually between 4 and 48 ports 2/4/5/8 port
transfer method  Flooding, unicast, multicast or broadcast First broadcast in unicast or multicast First broadcast in unicast and multicast (depending on demand)
Equipment type  Non-smart device smart device  smart device
Application Local area network Local area network Local area network/metropolitan area network/wide area network
Transmission mode Half duplex Half duplex/full duplex Full duplex
Rate 10Mbps 10/100Mbps, 1Gbps 1~100Mbps (wireless) 100~1000Mbps (wired)
Type of address used for data transmission  MAC address  MAC address  IP address 

A full understanding of the differences between hubs, switches, and routers will help you find devices that are more suitable for your network. I hope that through the introduction of hubs, switches, and routers in this article, you can more clearly understand the differences between hubs, switches, and routers, so that you can select suitable devices for network deployment.

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